Eye infections can be annoying to the extreme and can cause problems of different levels of severity. The risk of contracting these conditions increases when they are contagious in nature. Here we talk about some of these conditions, their treatments and ways of treatment.

Ocular Toxoplasmosis

This is a contagious disease of the eye, that comes from the bacteria Toxoplasma gondii. This eye disease can cause damage to your eyes, and can even cause you to see black spots or have blurry vision. The condition can spread from the consumption of contaminated meat or physical interaction with cats infected with this bacterium. Immediate medical attention is required to save your eyes from long-lasting damage.

Conjunctivitis

One of the most well-known eye diseases, conjunctivitis is fairly common. This condition is also known as pink eye, and it causes inflammation of the eye which causes red, watery, and itchiness in the area. Conjunctivitis can occur due to bacterial, viral, or allergenic conditions. Children are especially susceptible to this condition, and due to the ease of spread from one person to the next. Therefore, people who are affected should not go to school or work until they are completely cured.

Trachoma

This is a very serious eye disease, and it is very important that immediate medical attention is given, as, the condition can lead to partial or complete blindness if left untreated. The bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis is the primary cause of this condition, and it spreads through facial secretions. Itching, pain, and irritation of the eyes, along with blurred vision are the common symptoms of this condition, and it is important to get it checked out at the earliest.

Stye

Styes are painful pus-filled bumps, similar to a pimple that usually occur at the outer edge of the eyes. This condition usually occurs due to poor hygiene habits, which makes it easy for staphylococcus bacterium to spread by unclean hands. Normally the condition lasts for a few weeks and then disappears on its own. In case the stye does not go away one might require topical medication, or in serious cases, even surgery.

Ocular Herpes

This contagious disease of the eyes occurs due to the herpes simplex virus. In this condition, the eyes get inflamed, and sores can build upon the surface of the eyes. Open contact with an infected person can cause it to spread. Antiviral drugs are used to treat the disease, as this is a very common cause of corneal blindness.

Most of these diseases are passed from hand to eye contact. Therefore, the practice of washing one’s hands frequently with a good antibacterial soap is the best way to keep them at bay. Topical and oral medicine is the usual method of treatment in such cases. However, if you need additional care or eye health advice visit Atharva Netralaya, the best eye hospital in Pune. Take Care!